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    The Plains of Serengeti

    The Plains of Serengeti

    Tanzania settentrionale

    • Periodo Ottimale: 28 Gennaio 2020- 6 Febbraio 2020; 20 Aprile - 1 Maggio 2020; 2 Agosto - 13 Agosto 2020; 28 Dicembre 2020 - 5 Gennaio 2021
    • Giorni: 12 ( 10 per l'itinerario breve)
    • Zona di interesse: Tanzania settentrionale
    • Costo: € 3480,00 (€ 3440,00 per l'itinerario breve)
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    Wildlife viewing trip at the heart of The Great Migration, where the legendary predators still roam and fierce people live. This trip crosses the most iconic settings in Africa, from the stunning landscape of Ngorongoro Crater where the last free–ranging Black Rhino population occurs, to the incredible and dramatic landscape of the Rift Valley, the cradle of mankind.


    ClimateGeographic LocationBiodiversity and Cultural Heritage

    Tropical, with two distinct wet periods. Best periods to visit Tanzania are on summer and December–January. However, no matter which itinerary you choose, it would be possible to explore Tanzania even during the “green season”.

    This itinerary runs along Eastern Africa’s great plains surrounding Mount Kilimanjaro and the area of the famous alkaline lakes of the Rift Valley. Cynodon and Acacia grasslands (featuring A. tortilis, A. xanthophaea, A. drepanolobium, etc) alternate with savanna with Baobab trees and Dom Palms in Tarangire National Park, while in lower areas of the Rift semi–arid ecosystems form a tessellated mosaic with hybrid ecosystems made up by forest and dry–specialist species in the close proximity of Lake Manyara. The slopes of Mount Meru (Arusha National Park) and Kilimanjaro are covered by montane rainforests.

    Cultural heritage – The Masai culture, despite its modern heritage tourism commodification, still maintains its distinctive, fierce and conservative characteristics. Our local guide, by acting as a cultural mediator, will engage Travellers in a truly deep learning experience, very different from conventional mass–market ones. The Hadza–be, living around Lake Eyasi in small nomadic groups, are a small tribe of approximately 1.300 pygmoid hunter-gatherers, one of the last in Africa. Their distinctive and unique language appears to be an isolate, unrelated to any other. They still maintain a conservative paleolithic lifestyle, and rely on hunting of large mammals with bows. Their rich oral tradition is dated back to 12.000 years ago.

    Biodiversity – Norther Tanzania represents the ultimate destination for wildlife experiences. Highlights include the wildebeest and zebra Great Migration in the Serengeti and the stunning concentration of Felids (African lion, African leopard and Cheetah). Ngorongoro is probably the last place on Earth where to observe the Black rhino under uncontrolled and natural conditions. Birdwatchers will be amazed and delighted by the variety of the avifauna, with the 600 species that makes the Nogorongoro Conservation Area one of the most privileged spot for birdwatching. Lake Natron is the most important breeding site for Lesser Flamingos, hosting more than 2 millions individuals. The Beisa Oryx and the rare Gerenuk are some of the important representative of arid and semi–arid Somali savanna.

    Conservation value – The Serengeti–Maasai mara ecosystem hosts one of the last great natural migration on Earth, with millions of large ungulates participating in this annual journey and important populations of lions and cheetal. Ngorongoro provide safeguard to one of the last vital Black rhino population, with some individuals living in remote sectors of Serengeti. Mkomazi is a unique ecosystem in Tanzania, and is a symbol of the long–term conflict between conservation needs and livestock farmers rights.

    Due to the vastity of the Serengeti–Ngorongoro–Maasai mara ecosystem and the unpredictability of day to day migration patterns, we will adopt a “nomadic scheme”, that is we will use tented camps to keep up with the great migration, alternated with nights spent in lodge on a regular basis.
    Detailed Program

    ITINERARY “LONG” : on Spring (accommodations in lodges) or Summer (accommodations in camping and lodges)

    • The Plains of Serengeti – the great predators, the wildlife of the savanna ecosystem
    • Tarangire – the Elephant kingdom, evocative baobab-studded savanna landscapes and its inhabitants
    • Lake Manyara – a first approach to tropical forests, the most elusive antelopes
    • Lake Eyasi – the Hadza People, hunting with the world’s last hunter–gatherer tribe; the Datooga People
    • Ngorongoro – the last paradise; the Black Rhino, the society of Lions
    • Lake Natron – the extreme environment; the Maasai culture

    • Day 1: Upon arrival at Kilimanjaro international airport meet with our representative and transfer to Tanzania. Overnight stay at lodge.
    • Day 2: Game drive in the Arusha National Park for an evocative and more direct safari experience. Walking safari within the “Little Serengeti” accompanied by an experienced and armed park ranger, to bring you close for an unforgettable encounter with large mammals and rare primates typical of African plains. After lunch, transfer to Tarangire National Park. Overnight stay at lodge.
      Arusha National Park
      The park is only few kilometres far from Arusha, and, despite the heterogeneous landscape with a wide array of habitat concentrated in a 552 square kilometres territory, is largely neglected by safari industry. The slopes of Mount Meru (4566m above sea level) are covered by dense rainforests, while the rest of the Park has some of the most representative ecosystems of Northern Tanzania, featuring forest–savanna mosaic, large plains and alkaline lakes. This park represents a paradise for birdwatchers (Trogons, Turacos, forest specialists, birds of wet areas, many of which are Palearctic migrants), and represents the only Park in the area that harbours the Mantled Guereza, the Blue Monkey and many different forest antelopes. The park is considered to have the highest concentration of Giraffes in the world, and, due to the absence of Lions (but Leopards, Hyenas and almost all herbivores are well represented), it allows exciting walking safari.
    • Day 3: Land transfer to Tarangire National Park. Full-day safari inside the park. The great birds of prey of Eastern Africa, the Nile Crocodile. The society of Elephants. The African Pythons. The crepuscular predators. Return for dinner and overnight stay in the Park.
      Tarangire National Park
      Particularly evocative, Tarangire National Park is famous for hosting the highest seasonal concentration of elephants in the world. The hilly landscape is alluring and incredible diverse, dotted with many Baobab trees and Dom Palms. The Park is outstanding, seasonally, for wildlife. Most of species typical of Serengeti are well represented, in addition to Lesser and Greater Kudu (the latter at low numbers) and the famous Pythons. The bird checklist is impressive, featuring a large numbers of birds of prey as the large Martial Eagle and the powerful Verreaux’s Eagle–Owl.
    • Day 4: Transfer to Lake Manyara National Park and game drive within the park. The Hippos. The forest primates of the Cercopithecidae family. The shy Bushbucks. The resident and migrant avifauna of the Rift. Transfer to Lake Eyasi and overnight stay in the Park.
      Lake Manyara National Park
      The Park consists of the Manyara alkaline lake and a small narrow strip of arid land and forest at the foot of the Rift. Once famous for its legendary tree–climbing Lions, the Park represents a stunning jewel for observing forest species hard to spot in other areas of Northern Tanzania, such as the Bushbuck, the Silvery–cheeked Hornbill, etc. Ideal for sightings Hippos, Buffaloes, Zebras, Giraffes, Antelopes, etc.
    • Day 5: Ethnographic excursions, contacts with the Hadza People, East Africa’s last remaining true hunter–gatherers. The Datooga People, the agro–pastoral warrior tribe “respected enemy” by Maasai. Transfer to Ngorongoro for dinner and accommodation on the rim of the legendary crater.
    • Day 6: Visit to the legendary crater of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area . The Black Rhino. The society of Lions. The clans of Spotted Hyenas. Lunch pack inside the crater, then transfer to Serengeti via Olduvai. The charm of the Rift Valley. The most famous sites for early transitional human evolution. Overnight stay inside the Park.
      Ngorongoro Conservation Area
      Famous as a wonder of the world for its large volcanic caldera also known as “the garden of Eden” or the “natural Noah’s Ark”, Ngorongoro crater is more than this. Some of the numerous craters can be explored on foot accompanied by Maasai guides. Inside the crater walls lies one of last stunning Black Rhino population, and many different species of large mammals, including Lions, Hyenas, adult male Elephants, etc.
    • Days 7-8: Full-day safari within th Serengeti National Park and its astonishing fauna. Accommodation inside the park.
      Serengeti Conservation Area
      The “Endless Plain”. Contiguous to the smaller Maasai mara National Park in Kenya, it is surrounded by a series of areas with different level of protection, and is home to millions of free–ranging large mammals (Wildebeests, Zebras, Buffaloes, Impala, Grant’s and Thomson’s Gazelles, Giraffes, Elephants, Eland, Tsessebe antelopes, Hartebeests, etc.). Here are the best spots to see the numerous top–predators: Lion, Cheetah and the more elusive Leopard. The Black Rhino is here present, even if access to the Moru Kopje sector is restricted to all but researchers. An open area of rocky outcrops with granite intrusions, the Moru Kopje sector harbours a distinctive fauna. Even if vegetation is generally herbaceous, some sectors support dense shrubs and broad–leaved Acacia or Euphorbia trees.
    • Day 9: Morning game drive through the Serengeti National Park, then transfer to Lake Natron. The tribal culture of the Sonjo People. Excursion to the Ngaresero Falls. The Rupells Griffon Vultures. The Oldonyolengai, sacred mountain to the Maasai. Overnight stay at tented camp.
      Lakes Natron ed Eyasi
      These two alkaline lakes represent an extreme habitat, with a desolate and hauntingly beautiful surrounding lanscape. In the close proximity of Lake Eyasi we will approach the indigenous bushman, the Hadza People, while there will be plenty of culture (this is home to the Maasai people) and nature in the surrounding area of Lake Natron to be discovered. Wildlife checklist includes some highlights: Flamingos, the Fringe-eared Oryx (Oryx beisa callotis) and the Roberts’s Gazelle (a subspecies of the Grant’s Gazelle).
    • Day 10: Short hike with Maasai guides towards Lake Natron’s shores, the major breeding site for more than 2 millions Lesser Flamingos. Overnight stay at tented camp.
    • Day 11: Visit to a traditional Maasai Boma. Return to Arusha. Overnight stay at lodge.
    • Day 12: Transfer to the international airport to board the flight for onward destination.
    The price includes:
    • Mineral water while on safari
    • All land transfers with private vehicle
    • Toyota Landcruiser 4×4 or Toyota Long Base (for 10 pax) fully equipped for safari
    • Driver and guidance from a Biosfera Itinerari Biologist
    • All taxes imposed by government authorities and Park entry fees
    • Double bedroom lodge accommodation full board, chef and eventual porters
    • All excursions as in the Detailed Itinerary and Program
    • Ngorongoro Conservation Area entry fees
    • A comprehensive travel insurance package
    Not included:
    • International flight and airport taxes
    • Cost of Procedure Management (euro 30)
    • Visas
    • Cancelling insurance (facultative)
    • Alcoholic beverages and soft drinks
    • Otional safari night drive (2h, 50 usd)
    • Voluntary activities and service tips, and in general everything not mentioned in section “The price includes”
    € 3480. The travel package price can vary in case of change of the currency exchange rate 


    It’s also possible to appreciate the natural treasures of Northern Tanzania through a shorter trip, primarily thought to go deep into the wildlife experience of the well known Serengeti-Ngorongoro ecosystem, and calibrated to the “Great Migration”. This shorter itinerary briefly touches Arusha, Tarangire and Lake Manyara National Parks.

    • The Plains of Serengeti – the great predators, the wildlife of the savanna ecosystem
    • Tarangire – the Elephant kingdom, evocative baobab-studded savanna landscapes and its inhabitants
    • Ngorongoro – the last paradise; the Black Rhino, the society of Lions
    • Lake Natron – the extreme environment; the Maasai culture

    It’s a 10 days long itinerary, with the following program:

    • Day 1: Upon arrival at Kilimanjaro International Airport meet with our representative and transfer to the lodge.
    • Day 2: Walking safari and game drive in Arusha National Park.
    • Day 3: Full–day game drive within Tarangire National Park. The wildlife of savanna with Baobab trees and Dom Palm. The mega–herbivores. The large Antelopes. Dinner and overnight stay at lodge.
    • Day 4: Transfer to Ndutu, the best place on winter for assisting to the spectacular “Great Migration”. Overnight stay at tented camp inside the park.
    • Day 5: Full–day game drive through Ndutu, overnight stay  within the park.
    • Day 6: Transfer to the famous Serengeti National Park. Game drive in the afternoon. The wildlife of the great plains. The Cheetah. The Leopard. The other Carnivores. Giraffes, Zebras and Wildebeests. Gazelles and Antelopes. Overnight stay at tented camp inside the Park.
    • Day 7: Full–day game drive through the Serengeti National Park, dinner and overnight stay at fixed tented camp.
    • Day 8: Morning game drive through the Serengeti National Park, then transfer to Ngorongoro crater. Overnight stay at lodge on the edge of the crater at 2300m above the sea level.
    • Day 9: Early morning visit to the legendary crater of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area . The Black Rhino. The society of Lions. The clans of Spotted Hyenas. Lunch pack inside the crater, then transfer to Arusha. Overnight stay at the lodge.
    • Day 10: Transfer transfer to the airport. Flight back to Italy.
    € 3440. The travel package price can vary in case of change of the currency exchange rate 

    Disclaimer 1: Please note this is an indicative and standard itinerary. Dates, activities and the succession and length of each part of the itinerary may change each year, and can be rearranged with the participants. Upon request by the participants, we will send the definitive and detailed programme to be evaluated at least some weeks prior to the confirmation deadline.

    Disclaimer 2: We will generally honor the posted prices, but these are subject to change at any time due to action or decisions made by local authorities. In such situations, and in the hope that will not happen, we will send all the ministries official communications to all participants, free from ambiguity and in total transparency. We reserve the right to correct the final price to the fullest extent permitted by law.

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