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    Europe, some 10.000 years ago.

    Europe, some 10.000 years ago.

    Primeval Forest

    • Periodo Ottimale: 1 - 8 Marzo 2020; 8 - 15 Marzo 2020
    • Giorni: 8
    • Zona di interesse: Polonia
    • Costo: € 1450,00 
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    Wildlife viewing trip in the heart of the oldest primeval forest in Europe. The Bialowieza Forest (listed as an UNESCO World Heritage site) is the largest area of deciduous lowland forest in Europe that has retained its primeval features since the last ice age, some 12.000 years ago, representing the most important forest ecosystem in Europe.

    • The European Bison–the giant saved from edge of extinction.
    • Bialowieza Primeval Forest–the last primeval forest in Europe.
    • Wolf and Lynx–in search of the most iconic elusive predators in Europe.
    • The Biebrza Marshes–the largest and best preserved peat bog wetland complex in Europe.
    • Avifauna–amazing migrations in a birdwatching paradise.
    • Elks, Otters and Beavers–the fascinating and silent inhabitants of the rivers.

    ClimateBiogeographic ProvinceBiodiversity

    The territory covers an almost unbroken flat area between the mountains of Central Europe and the coast of the southern Baltic Sea. The climate is transitional between continental and atlantic types, and it’s under the influence of the collision of contrasting fresh and dry air masses with a limited moderating influence. Clearly marked cold and warm seasons prevail, (January temperature ranging from –4°C to –15°C, July temperature ranging from 17°C to 25°C), with snow that may last up to four months. Annual precipitation is extremely variable and generally low, because air masses sweeping from the Atlantic Ocean bear modest amounts of rain: Carpathian Mountains receive the maximum values (1200 mm), but the average annual precipitation for the area is 500 mm.

    Bialowieza Primeval Forest (listed as an UNESCO World Heritage site), located on the border between Poland and Belarus, 190 km north-east of Warsaw, lies in the nemoral–hemiboreal zone. The Hwozna and Narewka rivers represent the northern border of the National Park, the Belovezhkaja and Puscha National Parks lie on the west border.
    Biebrza National Park is a national park in Podlaskie Voivodeship, northeastern Poland, situated along the Biebrza River. It is known as the coldest area of Poland. Biebrza National Park covers most of the Biebrza valley, an impressive 100 km long depression shaped by retreating glaciers 10.000 and 30.000 years ago.

    Bialowieza National Park protects the most important primeval lowland forest in Europe, a remnant of a deciduous temperate forest ecosystem that persist in a natural state since the last ice age some 12.000 years ago. It has been approved as a Biosphere Reserve and the World Heritage Site since 1979. There is a wide consensus that Bialowieza National Park represent a hot spot for animal and plant biodiversity, as it harbours a rich community of rare and ecologically significant species: European Bison, Eurasian Elk, Eurasian Lynx, Wolf, Eurasian Beaver, Racoon Dog and a bird assemblage of more than 154 species.
    Biebrza National Park: the largest and best preserved peat bog wetland complex in Europe, in the valley of the untamed Biebrza River, it is part of the Ramsar Convention list of most important sites for wetland conservation worldwide. Biebrza owes its reputation to its rare birdlife (about 235 species and 157 nesting species), and it represents a very important refuge for birds’ nesting, feeding and resting during the great migrations. The Biebrza valley has most of the Eurasian Elk population in Poland, and offers great opportunities for encounters with wolves, beavers and otters.


    Detailed Program

    Day 1: Arrival at Warsaw airport and transfer to Bialowieza village, at the border of Bialowieza National Park.

    Day 2: Full–day excursion in the stunning Bialowieza Forest, searching for its main protagonist, the European Bison.

    The other protagonists
    During the forest exploration we will have good chances to spot other ungulates (mainly Red Deer, Roe Deer, Wild Boar), and, with the aid of professional guides, we will gain experience in predator tracking (tracks, trails and droppings of wolves, lynxes, foxes and other predators). As most animals are crepuscular, we will have dawn and dusk excursions to maximise the likelihood of sightings. After the dusk, we will have some spotlighting excursions as well.

    Day 3: Full–day excursion in the stunning Bialowieza Forest, searching for its main protagonist, the European Bison.

    Day 4: Full–day excursion in the oldest part of the Bialowieza National Park (Strictly Protected Area), Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site.

    Strictly Protected Area
    “. The most valuable and best–preserved section of the Bialowieza National Park is the Strictly Protected Area, made subject to protection since 1920 and listed as Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site. The stands are distinguished among European temperate forests by features typical of most rich primeval forests: large heights of trees, diverse tree community, multistorey profile of stands and large amount of dead wood and uprooted trees.

    Day 5: The hunting territory of large predators: wolves and lynx

    Day 6: Full–day excursion dedicated to the observation of Biebrza National Park amazing protagonists: Elks, Beavers and Otters.

    Predators from the sky.
    Good chances for Lesser Spotted Eagle, White Tailed Eagle, Steppe Eagle, Red–Footed Falcon, Marsh Harrier.

    Day 7: Birdwatching at dawn, the spectacular migrations; in the afternoon we will move to the wildest section of the Biebrza National Park.

    Day 8: Transfer to Warsaw international airport to board the flight for onward destination.

    The trip will be led and accompanied by one Biosfera Itinerari expert biologist guide who will be responsible of logistics, activities and tour guidance.

    N.B., optional: experience in wildlife watching camouflage hides, for up–close sightings of wildlife ecological dynamics.
    The price includes:
    • Double bedroom full board accommodation
    • All excursions as in the Detailed Itinerary and Program
    • Driver/Local Guide and guidance from a Biosfera Itinerari Biologist
    • Optional experience in wildlife watching camouflage hides
    • All land transfers with private vehicle
    • A comprehensive travel insurance package
    Not included:
    • International flights and airport taxes
    • Cost of  Procedure Management (euro 30)
    • Cancelling insurance (facultative)
    • Alcoholic beverages
    • Voluntary activities and service tips, and in general everything not mentioned in section “The price includes”
    € 1450,00 based for 7 pax. The travel package price can vary in case of change of the currency exchange rate. 

    Disclaimer 1: Please note this is an indicative and standard itinerary. Dates, activities and the succession and length of each part of the itinerary may change each year, and can be rearranged with the participants. Upon request by the participants, we will send the definitive and detailed programme to be evaluated at least some weeks prior to the confirmation deadline.

    Disclaimer 2: We will generally honor the posted prices, but these are subject to change at any time due to action or decisions made by local authorities. In such situations, and in the hope that will not happen, we will send all the ministries official communications to all participants, free from ambiguity and in total transparency. We reserve the right to correct the final price to the fullest extent permitted by law.

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